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HOME > > Varieties of Blackjack

Varieties of Blackjack

12 November 2020

By John Grochowski

Blackjack basic strategy is not a one-size-fits-all mandate. Casinos offer differing sets of rules and playing conditions, so there are basic strategies adapted to fit the major rules variations of number of decks and whether the dealer hits soft 17.

In the last decade or so, it's become common for dealers to hit soft 17 even in six-deck games. That's far different than my first couple of decades as a player, when I rarely had trouble finding multi-deck games with the dealer standing on all 17s.

Player shorthand calls them H17 vs. S17 games, and S17 is better for players.

In six-deck games, having the dealer hit instead of stand on soft 17 shifts basic strategy only a little, but why not get the most the game has to offer?

If you're playing basic strategy designed for S17 games despite this being a H17 world, here are three strategy switches to learn for common six-deck games.

11 vs. Ace: When most multi-deck play was at S17 games, basic strategy told us to double down on 11 against every dealer face-up card except Ace. When the dealer had an Ace up, the better play was to hit.

In H17 games, we double on 11 against all up cards, including Aces.

By the numbers, in S17 games if you have 6-5 and the dealer shows an Ace, if you hit your average profit is 14.76 cents per dollar of your wager. If you double, the profit per dollar of your original wager decreases to 12.97 cents.

If the dealer hits soft 17, your average profit for hitting 11 drops to 10.87 cents. The average profit on doubling drops, too, but only to 12.40 cents.

So with 11 vs. Ace, the better play is to hit in S17 games but double in H17.
Ace-7 vs. 2: In S17 games, we stand on soft 18 and leave it at that. If the dealer hits soft 17, then we double down, just as we double on Ace-7 vs. 3, 4, 5 or 6.

Dealers bust less often against 2 than on the other so-called "bust" cards of 3, 4, 5 and 6. One of the byproducts of dealers hitting soft 17 is that they bust more often. That's a plus for players, with the big minus being that dealers also get a chance to improve 17s that can't do better than push unless players bust.

In this case, the increased chance of a dealer bust pulls into doubling in an H17 game.
With Ace-7 vs. 2 in an S17 game, the average result is a 12.40 cent profit per dollar if we stand and 12.10 if we double. If it's H17 instead, average profits are 6.02 cents when standing or 11.63 when hitting.

Ace-8 vs. 6: To many players, anything but standing on 19 just won't seem right. Nevertheless, there's a narrow gain if you double in a H17 game.

If the dealer stands on all 17s, then standing on your Ace-8 will bring an average profit of 49.39 cents. If you hit, that drops to 24.01 cents, and doubling brings it back up to 48.03. Standing is the best option.

But in an H17 game, the average profit for standing falls to 45.22 cents. That beats the 23.10 cents for hitting but doubling down raises the profit to 46.21 cents per dollar of your original wager.

There's increased risk because you're betting more money when you double, but your best average results in an H17 game come when you double on Ace-8 vs. 6.

Look for John Grochowski on Facebook (http://tinyurl.com/7lzdt44) and Twitter (@GrochowskiJ).

This article is provided by the Frank Scoblete Network. Melissa A. Kaplan is the network's managing editor. If you would like to use this article on your website, please contact Casino City Press, the exclusive web syndication outlet for the Frank Scoblete Network. To contact Frank, please e-mail him at fscobe@optonline.net.

John Grochowski
John Grochowski is the best-selling author of The Craps Answer Book, The Slot Machine Answer Book and The Video Poker Answer Book. His weekly column is syndicated to newspapers and Web sites, and he contributes to many of the major magazines and newspapers in the gaming field. Listen to John Grochowski's "Casino Answer Man" tips Tuesday through Friday at 5:18 p.m. on WLS-AM (890) in Chicago.

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